Press Bulletin, January 3, 1949
First Day of Issue Cachet
FIRST PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC
Creation of the First RepublicAfter the U.S. invasion of the Philippines during the Spanish-American war in 1898, Emilio Aguinaldo returned from exile and led Filipino forces against the Spanish. The rebels successfully conquered much of the Spanish-held ground within the Philippines and declared independence from Spain. On January 23, 1899, the First Philippine Republic was established.
|The Barasoain Church in Malolos, Bulacan, was the site of the
constitutional convention of 1898 that led to the establishment of the
First Philippine Republic on January 23, 1899 with Emilio Aguinaldo as its President.|
End of the First Republic
Philippine independence was not recognized by the United States, and after the Philippines were ceded by Spain to the United States in 1898, war erupted between the U.S. and Aguinaldo's forces. The First Republic came to an end on April 1, 1901 when Aguinaldo swore an oath accepting the authority of the United States over the Philippines.
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